Bangkok Hospital Group Medical Center


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Breast Augumentation

Provided by Wockhardt Hospital
Brought to you by Healthbase

If you have any or some of the underlying conditions, you may want to consider the option of breast reduction

  • your breasts appear too small in proportion to your body frame
  • often clothes that fit well around your hips are too large at the bustline
  • wearing a swimsuit or form- fitting top makes you feel self-conscious
  • post childbirth your breasts have become smaller and lost their firmness
  • weight loss has changed the size and shape of your breasts
  • one of your breasts is noticeably smaller than the other

During the consultation, you will be asked to point out the exact areas which you would like to see improved. This would include your desired breast size as well as anything else about your breasts that you would like to see improved. This will help your plastic surgeon to understand your expectations and determine whether they can realistically be achieved.

BREAST AUGMENTATION SURGERY EVALUATION

 

After examining your breasts, your plastic surgeon may perhaps take photographs for your medical record. In case, your breasts are sagging, a breast lift may be recommended in conjunction with augumentation.

A detailed medical history is very important, especially family history of breast cancer and previous mammograms.

No scientific evidence suggests that breast augmentation increases the risk of breast cancer. However, the presence of breast implants makes it more technically difficult to take and read mammograms. Especially, for women who perhaps because of their family history or other reasons are at higher risk for breast cancer.

Any plans to lose a significant amount of weight must be discussed with your plastic surgeon. You may be advised by your plastic surgeon to stabilize your weight prior to undergoing surgery.

Any plans of pregnancy in future, should be mentioned to your surgeon. Pregnancy can have an effect on the long-term results of your breast augmentation as it can alter your breast size in an unpredictable way. There is no evidence that pregnancy or your ability to breast-feed will be affected by breast implants, but any queries about these matters should be discussed with your plastic surgeon.

 

PREPARATION FOR SURGERY

Quite frequently, your plastic surgeon may recommend a baseline mammogram before surgery and another mammographic examination some months after surgery.

You will be asked to stop smoking well in advance of surgery if you smoke. Increased
bleeding can be caused by aspirin and certain anti-inflammatory drugs. It is therefore recommended that you avoid taking these medications for a period of time before surgery. Your surgeon will provide you with additional pre-operative instructions as well.

Breast augmentation is usually performed on an outpatient basis. Going home after a few hours may be permitted, unless you and your plastic surgeon have determined that you will stay in the hospital or surgical facility overnight.

 

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Breast Reduction

Provided by Wockhardt Hospital
Brought to you by Healthbase

WHO NEED BREAST REDUCTION?
 

If you have any or some of the underlying conditions, you may want to consider the option of breast reduction –

 

  • your breasts appear too large in proportion to your body frame
  • heavy, pendulous breasts having nipples and areolas pointed downward
  • one breast is much larger than the other
  • weight of your breasts cause pain in back, neck or shoulder
  • skin irritation beneath your breasts
  • tight bra straps resulting in indentations in your shoulders
  • size and weight of your breasts restrict the physical activity
  • the largeness of your breasts resulting in dissatisfaction or self-consciousness

During the consultation, you will be asked to point out the exact areas which you would like to see improved. This would include your desired breast size as well as anything else about your breasts that you would like to see improved.

This will help your plastic surgeon to understand your expectations and determine whether they can realistically be achieved.

Subsequent childbirth and breast feeding must be discussed with your surgeon.

 
BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY EVALUATION
 

After examining your breasts, your plastic surgeon will perhaps take measurements & photographs for your medical record. Factors like the size and shape of your breasts, the quality of your skin, and the placement of the nipples and areolas will be carefully evaluated.

A detailed medical history will be taken. Past and future weight loss should also be discussed.

 
HOW BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY IS PERFORMED
 

Quite frequently three incisions are involved in the method of reducing the breasts. The first incision is made around the areola. The second runs vertically from the bottom edge of the areola to the crease underneath the breast. The third incision follows the natural curve of the breast crease.

After the excess breast tissue, fat and skin have been removed by the surgeon, the nipple and areola are shifted to a higher position. Liposuction might be employed to improve the contour under the arm.

Generally, since the nipples and areolas remain attached to underlying mounds of tissue, the preservation of sensation is retained. This method might help to retain the ability to breast-feed, although this cannot be guaranteed.

Rarely, in case of extremely large breasts, the nipples and areolas may need to be completely detached before they are shifted to a higher level. In such cases, you may have to decide to sacrifice sensation and the possibility of breast-feeding in order to achieve your desired breast size.

UNDERSTANDING RISKS
 

A few potential complications that may be discussed with you would include bleeding, infection and reactions to anesthesia.

Post Reduction, it is possible that the breasts may not be perfectly symmetrical or the nipple height may vary slightly.

Desired minor adjustments, if any, can be made at a later time. In rare cases, permanent loss of sensation in the nipples or breasts may occur. In certain instances where incisions may have healed poorly, Revisionary Surgery is sometimes helpful.
In the case of injury to or loss of the nipple and areola which is usually an unlikely event, they usually can be satisfactorily reconstructed using skin grafts.

Following the advice and instructions of your plastic surgeon, both pre and post surgery is advisable as it can help to lessen certain risks.

A detailed information booklet will be provided with instructions and precautions for the immediate and early postoperative period.

This will also discuss the sequelae of Breast Reduction Surgery.

HOW WOULD THE INITIAL LOOK AND FEEL BE?
 

In the post surgery days, you will be encouraged to get out of bed for short periods of time. After considerable time, more comfortable movement will be possible.

Surgical drains, if any, will be removed in a day or two after surgery. At the same time your dressings may also be changed or removed. Wearing a support bra for a few weeks will be instructed. This has to be continued until the swelling and discoloration of your breasts diminishes. Generally, stitches will be removed in stages beginning about one week after surgery. You may realize that you feel less sensation in the nipple and areola areas, which is usually temporary. For sensation to return to normal it may take weeks, months or even more than a year. Your breasts may also require some time to assume a more natural shape. Incisions will initially be red or pink in color and will remain this way for many months following surgery.

BREAST REDUCTION & LIFT are in locations easily concealed by clothing, even low-cut necklines.

 
WHEN CAN MY NORMAL ACTIVITIES BE RESUMED?
 

Post breast reduction surgery, it is often possible to resume work within just a couple of weeks, depending upon your job. Quite often, you can resume most of your normal activities, including some of your mild exercises, after several weeks.

Experiencing some mild periodical discomfort during this time might persist, but such feelings are normal. Severe pains should be reported to your doctor.

Any sexual activity should be abstained from for a minimum of one week. Your plastic surgeon might advise you to wait longer. After that you must be extremely gentle with your breasts for at least the next six weeks.

 
HOW LONG WILL THE RESULTS LAST?
 

Your breast size should remain fairly constant unless you gain or loose a significant amount of weight or become pregnant. However natural factors like gravity and aging will eventually affect the size and shape of virtually every woman’s breasts.

But certainly without the excessive weight of large breasts, you may discover greater enjoyment in playing sports and engaging in physical activity.

Incisions from your breast reductions surgery will heal and fade over time. It is important to realvize, however, that the incision lines will be permanently visible, more so in some individuals that others. Fortunately the incisions for breast reduction are in locations easily concealed in clothing, even low-cut necklines.

 

 

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The contents or materials provided in this website are for general information only and are not intended as medical advice.

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Abdominoplasty(Tummy Tuck)

Provided by Wockhardt Hospital
Brought to you by Healthbase

WHO NEED ABDOMINOPLASTY ?
 

If you have any or some of the underlying conditions, you may want to consider this option.

 

  • abdominal skin that is excess or sagging
  • a protruding abdomen that is out of proportion to the rest of your body
  • abdominal muscles that have been separated and weakened
  • excess fatty tissue that is concentrated in your abdomen

Any plans of pregnancy in future or of losing a significant amount of weight must be discussed with your plastic surgeon. Any resultant scarring from previous abdominal surgery may limit the results of your Abdominoplasty.

The surgeon will examine you and consider factors like the amount of excess skin and the state of your abdominal muscles.

These will determine the exact procedure that you will need.

POST SURGERY / PRE SURGERY RESULTS

Your firmer and flatter abdomen will enhance your body contour as a result of Abdominoplasty. Wearing certain styles of clothing will be easier and comfortable. You will be more confident about your appearance.

The incisions from the procedure will heal and fade over time. However, one needs to understand that the incision lines will be permanently visible. In a few cases they may eventually be only faint lines. Certain individuals may have incision lines that are more noticeable. Fortunately, the incisions for your Abdominoplasty are usually in locations concealed by most bathing suits and undergarments.

Wearing a support garment for several weeks may be instructed.
Your abdomen should remain firmer and flatter for many years subject to your gaining or losing a significant amount of weight or becoming pregnant. However, factors like gravity and the effects of aging will eventually take their toll.

In case, after a few years, you again become dissatisfied with the appearance of your abdomen, you may choose to undergo a second procedure to restore a more youthful body contour.

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©2006 Healthbase Online Inc. All rights reserved.  |  About us
The contents or materials provided in this website are for general information only and are not intended as medical advice.

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Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)

Provided by Escorts Heart Institute
Brought to you by Healthbase

Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) involves sewing one end an artery or vein above a blocked coronary artery and the other end below the blockage, thereby allowing blood an alternative means to get to the heart. The arteries or veins used for the bypass (which are known as “grafts”) are usually obtained from the leg or the chest wall. Bypass surgery may not be possible if the coronary artery is heavily calcified or if the disease is very widespread. CABG can be done with or without connecting the patient to heart-lung machine, depending on the kind of blockages and surgeon’s decision.

Several new surgical approaches are being developed, which can potentially reduce the discomfort and complications associated with traditional bypass surgery. These are collectively referred to as being “minimally invasive.” In general, these approaches focus on performing bypass surgery though a very small chest incision and performing bypass surgery while the heart is still beating (ie, without the need for a heart/lung bypass machine).

OPCAB (Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass)
The bypass surgery done without connecting the patient to of heart-lung machine or pump is called OPCAB.

MIDCAB (Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass)
is bypass surgery done through a small cut (incision) in the lower part of the sternum (chest bone) only, rather than full cut across it. This type of surgery, which is possible in selected cases only, is associated with a small scar, lesser pain and faster recovery. Alternatively, this surgery can also be done through a small cut on the left side of the chest.

The location and degree of coronary artery blockages are determined before surgery by using a procedure called heart catheterization, or coronary angiogram. This procedure provides an outline, like a road map, of the arteries of the heart.

Factors favoring bypass surgery
Bypass surgery is often recommended over angioplasty when the left main coronary artery is narrowed by more than 50 percent, when angioplasty does not relieve angina, when many arteries are narrowed, or when the heart’s left ventricular pumping function is substantially impaired. Bypass surgery is also preferred over angioplasty in diabetic patients who have two or three vessels involved.

Benefits
Bypass surgery can very effectively relieve angina and can even prolong life in people with severe coronary heart disease, such as those with three-vessel involvement associated with impaired left ventricular pumping function. However, the success of bypass surgery on symptoms and on survival depends upon several factors, including the pattern and extent of arterial narrowing, the general progression of coronary heart disease over time, and the blood vessels used for bypass. In general, bypass surgery is more likely than angioplasty to provide complete revascularisation.

About 95 percent of people who have narrowing of several arteries have improvement or complete relief of their angina immediately after surgery. About 85 to 90 percent of people remain angina-free at one to three years after surgery, and about 75 percent of people remain angina-free or free of major coronary events at five years after surgery. By 10 years, about one-half of all grafted vessels become narrowed or occluded, and by 15 years, about 85 percent of grafted vessels become narrowed or occluded. These late events usually require a second surgery

Recovery from bypass surgery
It usually takes a while to recover from even routine bypass surgery. However, about 70 to 80 percent of people who have this surgery are eventually able to return to work; this is about the same as the percentage of people who are treated medically and are able to return to work. Factors that appear to have a role in a person’s ability to return to work are the presence or absence of angina after surgery, employment status before surgery and income, the function of the heart’s left ventricle, and age.


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©2006 Healthbase Online Inc. All rights reserved.  |  About us
The contents or materials provided in this website are for general information only and are not intended as medical advice

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Catheter Ablation (RFA)

Provided by Escorts Heart Institute
Brought to you by Healthbase

Catheter ablation has revolutionized the management of patients with certain heart rhythm disorders. Having evolved from arrhythmia surgery, catheter ablation was initially performed using high voltage direct current (DC); however, over the last decade, radio frequency current has supplanted DC as the energy source of choice and has made catheter ablation a first-line therapy for many rhythm disorders. It is an alternative to life-long drug therapy or surgery.

The procedure is done in a special room, called an electrophysiology (EP) lab, by doctors trained in the study and treatment of heart rhythms. Long, flexible wires, called catheters, are inserted into the veins of the leg, arm, and neck (and possibly into arteries in the leg) and positioned in the heart. Through these catheters, the doctor can record electrical signals that come from different parts of the heart. This is similar to an ECG, which records electrical activity from the body’s surface.

With, a special catheter, the area of the abnormality is located inside the heart. The catheter is placed at this area and, by delivering either electrical current or heat from radio frequency waves; the defective heart tissue is destroyed. This eliminates the source of the abnormal heart rhythm or extra pathways.

A catheter ablation can take several hours and does involve some risks. However, the doctor recommending this procedure believes these risks are small compared to the potential benefit for you. Your doctor will discuss this with you and answer any questions you have.


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The contents or materials provided in this website are for general information only and are not intended as medical advice

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Singapore

Raffles Hospital

An ISO 9001 institute with US/UK trained specialists. Raffles Hospital in Singapore is a 380-bed tertiary care private hospital offering a full complement of specialist services using the most advanced medical technology. The rooms at Raffles Hospital are outfitted to the standards of five-star hotels, with an array of suites, single, double, four and six-bed rooms for you to choose from.

National Heart Center Singapore

National Heart Center Singapore is a designated national center for cardiovascular medicine in Singapore and sees over 85,000 outpatients yearly. Performed 2,056 Angioplasty procedures, 577 CABG procedures & 304 Pacing procedures in 2005. National Heart Center Singapore is the first heart center outside USA to be JCI (Joint Commission International) accredited.

Thailand

Piyavate Hospital

The Piyavate Hospital medical staff is comprised both American Board and Thai Board Certified Physicians in every specialty field, supported by highly qualified registered nurses, technicians and administrative personnel. Piyavate Hospital is located in Bangkok, Thailand. The hospital provides medical services using modern technology and state-of-the-art equipment, accredited by the International Standards Organization ISO 9001-2000.

Bangkok Hospital Group Medical Center

Bangkok Hospital is one of the biggest hospitals in Thailand providing tertiary healthcare. The Bangkok Hospital Group has world renowned physicians, cutting edge technology and excellent nursing staff provide all of their patients with the utmost level of medical care. The Bangkok Heart Hospital an ISO 9001:2000 accredited hospital has treated more than 40,000 cardiac outpatients and has done more than 1,100 heart surgeries to date.

India

Apollo Hospitals Group

The first Indian hospital to receive the Joint Commission International (JCI) USA accreditation the gold-standard in hospital certifications worldwide. Apollo Hospitals have over 7000 beds in 38 hospitals. Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals in New Delhi, India is spread over 12 acres of land, has a built-up area of 600,000 square feet, and handles close to 200,000 patients a year, of which 10,000 are international patients.

Wockhardt Hospitals Group

Wockhardt hospitals Group has established a chain of super specialty hospitals at Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkatta and Nagpur. Wockhardt Hospitals has associated with Harvard Medical International (HMI), USA. As associate hospitals of HMI in India, Wockhardt Hospitals benefit from the extensive learning and experience of Harvard Medical School and its affiliated institutions world-wide and strive to bring to its patients the benefits of global standards in technology and clinical expertise. Wockhardt Hospitals, Mumbai, has become the first super specialty hospital in South Asia to achieve accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI), USA.

Escorts Heart Institute and Research Center

Escorts Heart Institute and Research Center (EHIRC), an ISO 9001 institute has a total of 164 Critical Care beds to provide intensive care to patients after surgery or angioplasty, emergency admissions or other patients needing highly specialized management. The hospital is backed by the most advanced laboratories performing complete range of investigative tests in the field of Nuclear Medicine, Radiology, Bio-chemistry, Haematology, Transfusion Medicine and Microbiology. Performed over 9756 Angiographies, 2707 Coronary Interventions, 5519 Cardiac (3214 CABG, 563 Valve, 765 Congenital, 977 other) surgeries in 2005.

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